Abortion in the Philippines is mostly illegal. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The act is criminalized by Philippine law. Articles , and of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines mandate imprisonment for women who undergo abortion, as well as for any person who assists in the procedure. Article further imposes a higher prison term on the woman or her parents if the abortion is undertaken "in order to conceal [the woman's] dishonor". There is no law in the Philippines that expressly authorizes abortions in order to save the woman's life; and the general provisions which do penalize abortion make no qualifications if the woman's life is endangered. It may be argued that an abortion to save the mother's life could be classified as a justifying circumstance duress as opposed to self-defense that would bar criminal prosecution under the Revised Penal Code. However, this has yet to be adjudicated by the Philippine Supreme Court. Proposals to liberalize Philippine abortion laws have been opposed by the Catholic Church , and its opposition has considerable influence in the predominantly Catholic country.
Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus. The unmodified word abortion generally refers to an induced abortion. When properly done, abortion is one of the safest procedures in medicine ,  : 1  : 1 but unsafe abortion is a major cause of maternal death , especially in the developing world. Historically , abortions have been attempted using herbal medicines , sharp tools, forceful massage , or through other traditional methods. In some areas abortion is legal only in specific cases such as rape , problems with the fetus , poverty , risk to a woman's health, or incest. An induced abortion may be classified as therapeutic done in response to a health condition of the women or fetus or elective chosen for other reasons. Approximately million pregnancies occur each year worldwide.
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